The founder of osteopathy is Doctor Andrew Taylor Still (1828-1917). Osteopathy is a unitary anatomical and physiological (holistic) conception of the body functioning, based on the unity and mutual dependence between structure and function, on the internal recovery forces of the body which, supported by a minimal external curative effort, subsequently lead to a cure.
Osteopathy is a modern method of diagnosis and treatment used to detect pathological disorders of the biomechanics of the body, organs and tissues, with gentle and refined manual techniques. The osteopathic doctor manually acts on the structures of the skull, spine, ribs, pelvis, sacrum, joint, ligament and musculo-fascial system, the internal in order to remove the disorders identified in these structures and restore their mobility.
The term osteopathy has Greek and English roots- “osteo” (Greek) means the structure, the base and the “path” (Old English) means the road, path, and direction. The term is considered to have been proposed by A.T. Still in the late nineteenth century.
Osteopathy deals with the diagnosis and treatment of tissue, organs and joints mobility disorders. It is considered that any disturbance of mobility in the form of hypo- or hypermobility in the musculoskeletal, craniosacral system or internal organs leads to a dysfunction and finally to a disease (somatic dysfunction). Within the joints may occur blockages, in the fascia adhesions or scars, and on the slippery surfaces of the internal organs, hyperemia.
The causes of these movement limitations lay in the following factors: physical (trauma, physical overload), psychological (inhibited emotions), chemical (inadequate food, drug side effects, various poisonings).
Osteopathy regards the organism as a whole or holistic system where everything is interdependent.
Osteopathy removes not only the manifestations of a disease or ailments, but discovers and effectively removes the cause of the disease. The founder of the osteopathy, Dr. A.T. Still, by studying the Greek and Egyptian medicine, developed the osteopathic concept “structure determines the function and the function influences the structure”.
The basic principles of osteopathy (A.T.Still):
* Life is a continuous movement (an internal organ or a joint that ceases to move becomes pathological).
* The human body is a whole in which all organs and systems are interdependent.
* The artery is sovereign.
* Body homeostasis.
* Globality, the body is a whole.
The human body has the natural ability of self-healing and self-regulation, A.T. Sill always talked about the causes, he emphasizes “find, correct and leave the body alone.”
The mechanical component is equally important for health and disease.
In this form of therapy, the osteopathic doctor patiently searches the lesional chain, the link between the cause and effect.
There are three branches of osteopathy: structural osteopathy, craniosacral osteopathy and visceral osteopathy.
What does osteopaty treat?
* Nervous system: migraine, headache, facial, cervico-brachial, intercostals neuralgia, Arnold neuralgia, torticollis, cruralgy, sciatalgy, sciatica, meralgia paraesthesia.
* Respiratory system, ENT, ophthalmology: sinusitis, dizziness, unstable equilibrium, Meniere’s syndrome, asthma (it improves), bronchitis, rhinitis, tinnitus, dry eyes, tearing, eye migraines.
* Cardio – vascular system: pressure feeling on the chest, palpitations, circulatory disorders of the lower limbs, venous and portal congestion, hemorrhoids.
* Digestive System: aerophagia, flatulence, dyspepsia, hiatal hernia, gastritis and consequences of the gastric hyperacidity, hepato-biliary functional disorders, colitis, constipation, visceral ptosis (kidney, stomach, bladder).
* Genitourinary System – Urinary pain and gynecological disorders, cystitis, functional infertility, uterine or bladder ptosis, sexual function disorders, enuresis, prostatitis, cystitis, pregnancy osteopathic follow-up.
* Locomotor system: spinal pain – cervicalgy, back pain, lower back pain, sacralgia, coxalgia; Mobility restrictions of all peripheral joints, occlusion and temporomandibular dysfunction, tendonitis, tennis elbow, sprains, scoliosis and scoliotic attitudes.
* Neuro – vegetative system: depression, hyper nervousness, anxiety, stress, sleep disorders, spasmophilia.
* Post traumatic and surgical sequelae: scars, fractures before or after cast, sprains, falls, car accidents.